The Impending Threat of Islamic Radicalization: A look at Assimilation

  By Kagusthan Ariaratnam & Ammna Nasser This article was originally published by “NATO Association of Canada” on January 22, 2018. Youth radicalization has acquired renewed momentum in the current age of ISIS (Daesh). Repeated victories reported by the Iraqi and Syrian security forces is pushing Daesh to rethink survival strategies to live and fight another day. The group is keen on expanding itself beyond … Continue reading The Impending Threat of Islamic Radicalization: A look at Assimilation

Recognizing Outdated Power and Eliminating the Divide: Countering Terrorism through Smart Power

  By Kagusthan Ariaratnam Introduction Countering terrorism through “smart power” is a concept deliberated on creative thinking to combat one’s enemy, especially terrorists. This essay will examine the reconceptualization of traditional approaches toward counterterrorism, and discuss how ideologies from a western liberal democracy can respond to an unconventional terrorist ideology. To begin, the term “power” will be defined. Following, conventional “hard power” strategies and more … Continue reading Recognizing Outdated Power and Eliminating the Divide: Countering Terrorism through Smart Power

Responsibility to Protect Syria – A Case Study

By Kagusthan Ariaratnam Introduction It is widely believed that non-intervention is the norm within an international society since international law restricts the use of force except for purposes of self-defense or by way of collective enforcement as authorized by the United Nations Security Council (Bellamy and Wheeler 2014). This misunderstanding is grounded in the debate on how the international community should react when governments commit … Continue reading Responsibility to Protect Syria – A Case Study

The Difference between Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing

Image: Guernica, 1937 by Pablo Picasso By Kagusthan Ariaratnam Introduction The distinction between genocide and ethnic cleansing is a “grey area” that befuddles scholars, policy makers, and students alike. The concepts of “genocide” and “ethnic cleansing” can be illustrated through examples. An instance of genocide would be the Holocaust, the systematic obliteration of the Jewish population during the Second World War in Nazi Germany under … Continue reading The Difference between Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing