The “Neo-Cold War” in the Indian Ocean Region

By Kagusthan Ariaratnam This article was originally published on “The Modern Diplomacy” on October 15, 2018. Addressing an event last week at London’s Oxford University, Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe said some people are seeing “imaginary Chinese Naval bases in Sri Lanka. Whereas the Hambantota Port (in southern Sri Lanka) is a commercial joint venture between our Ports Authority and China Merchants – a … Continue reading The “Neo-Cold War” in the Indian Ocean Region

Unintended Intelligence Consequences: How Yesterday's Proxy Insurgents turned into Today's Terrorists

This article was originally published on “The Modern Diplomacy” on March 7, 2017. By Kagusthan Ariaratnam Introduction During the Cold War, nations were increasingly sponsoring and/or supporting insurgencies. For instance, the United States of America supported Afghan-Mujahedin, Nicaraguan Contras, and Tibetan Buddhist fighters. The Soviet Union supported communist guerrillas in Angola, Greece, and South Africa. China supported insurgents in Vietnam. India supported Sri Lankan Tamil … Continue reading Unintended Intelligence Consequences: How Yesterday's Proxy Insurgents turned into Today's Terrorists

Responsibility to Protect Syria – A Case Study

By Kagusthan Ariaratnam Introduction It is widely believed that non-intervention is the norm within an international society since international law restricts the use of force except for purposes of self-defense or by way of collective enforcement as authorized by the United Nations Security Council (Bellamy and Wheeler 2014). This misunderstanding is grounded in the debate on how the international community should react when governments commit … Continue reading Responsibility to Protect Syria – A Case Study

Understanding the Causes of Civil War in Iraq and Syria

  By Kagusthan Ariaratnam Introduction The civil wars in Iraq and Syria are the most catastrophic and worst humanitarian crisis since World War II. The two main causes of civil wars in Iraq and Syria are authoritarianism and sectarianism. This essay will examine the causes and comparative analysis between two contemporary civil wars: The Iraqi civil war from 2006 to 2008 and the Syrian civil … Continue reading Understanding the Causes of Civil War in Iraq and Syria

The Tiger Organization Security Intelligence Service (TOSIS)

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam’s (LTTE) Intelligence Wing, Tiger Organization Security Intelligence Service (TOSIS) By Kagusthan Ariaratam The author would like to dedicate this article to Colonel Tuan Nizam Muthaliff RWP, MI (July 12, 1966 – May 31, 2005) was the former Commanding Officer of the 1st Battalion Military Intelligence Corps, Directorate of Military Intelligence (DMI) of Sri Lanka, whose perseverance and courage in … Continue reading The Tiger Organization Security Intelligence Service (TOSIS)