Opinion: Returning ISIS foreign fighters, what needs to be done?

By Kagusthan Ariaratnam This article was originally published by “NATO Association of Canada” on March 4, 2019. An American citizen and former college student, Hoda Muthana, left the US four years ago to join ISIS. She is currently being held in a refugee camp in northeastern Syria. President Donald Trump has tweeted that he had directed Mike Pompeo “not to allow Hoda Muthana back into … Continue reading Opinion: Returning ISIS foreign fighters, what needs to be done?

The Impending Threat of Islamic Radicalization: A look at Assimilation

  By Kagusthan Ariaratnam & Ammna Nasser This article was originally published by “NATO Association of Canada” on January 22, 2018. Youth radicalization has acquired renewed momentum in the current age of ISIS (Daesh). Repeated victories reported by the Iraqi and Syrian security forces is pushing Daesh to rethink survival strategies to live and fight another day. The group is keen on expanding itself beyond … Continue reading The Impending Threat of Islamic Radicalization: A look at Assimilation

Responsibility to Protect Syria – A Case Study

By Kagusthan Ariaratnam Introduction It is widely believed that non-intervention is the norm within an international society since international law restricts the use of force except for purposes of self-defense or by way of collective enforcement as authorized by the United Nations Security Council (Bellamy and Wheeler 2014). This misunderstanding is grounded in the debate on how the international community should react when governments commit … Continue reading Responsibility to Protect Syria – A Case Study

Understanding the Causes of Civil War in Iraq and Syria

  By Kagusthan Ariaratnam Introduction The civil wars in Iraq and Syria are the most catastrophic and worst humanitarian crisis since World War II. The two main causes of civil wars in Iraq and Syria are authoritarianism and sectarianism. This essay will examine the causes and comparative analysis between two contemporary civil wars: The Iraqi civil war from 2006 to 2008 and the Syrian civil … Continue reading Understanding the Causes of Civil War in Iraq and Syria