The Role of Arts in Countering Violent Extremism

This article was originally published by “NATO Association of Canada” on March 25, 2019. By Kagusthan Ariaratnam After five years of brutal fighting, the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) backed by several world powers left ISIS with all but a few hundred square meters near Syria’s border with Iraq. On Saturday, the long-awaited announcement came from the SDF that it had captured the last piece of … Continue reading The Role of Arts in Countering Violent Extremism

Opinion: Returning ISIS foreign fighters, what needs to be done?

By Kagusthan Ariaratnam This article was originally published by “NATO Association of Canada” on March 4, 2019. An American citizen and former college student, Hoda Muthana, left the US four years ago to join ISIS. She is currently being held in a refugee camp in northeastern Syria. President Donald Trump has tweeted that he had directed Mike Pompeo “not to allow Hoda Muthana back into … Continue reading Opinion: Returning ISIS foreign fighters, what needs to be done?

The Impending Threat of Islamic Radicalization: A look at Assimilation

  By Kagusthan Ariaratnam & Ammna Nasser This article was originally published by “NATO Association of Canada” on January 22, 2018. Youth radicalization has acquired renewed momentum in the current age of ISIS (Daesh). Repeated victories reported by the Iraqi and Syrian security forces is pushing Daesh to rethink survival strategies to live and fight another day. The group is keen on expanding itself beyond … Continue reading The Impending Threat of Islamic Radicalization: A look at Assimilation

Unintended Intelligence Consequences: How Yesterday's Proxy Insurgents turned into Today's Terrorists

This article was originally published on “The Modern Diplomacy” on March 7, 2017. By Kagusthan Ariaratnam Introduction During the Cold War, nations were increasingly sponsoring and/or supporting insurgencies. For instance, the United States of America supported Afghan-Mujahedin, Nicaraguan Contras, and Tibetan Buddhist fighters. The Soviet Union supported communist guerrillas in Angola, Greece, and South Africa. China supported insurgents in Vietnam. India supported Sri Lankan Tamil … Continue reading Unintended Intelligence Consequences: How Yesterday's Proxy Insurgents turned into Today's Terrorists

Recognizing Outdated Power and Eliminating the Divide: Countering Terrorism through Smart Power

  By Kagusthan Ariaratnam Introduction Countering terrorism through “smart power” is a concept deliberated on creative thinking to combat one’s enemy, especially terrorists. This essay will examine the reconceptualization of traditional approaches toward counterterrorism, and discuss how ideologies from a western liberal democracy can respond to an unconventional terrorist ideology. To begin, the term “power” will be defined. Following, conventional “hard power” strategies and more … Continue reading Recognizing Outdated Power and Eliminating the Divide: Countering Terrorism through Smart Power

Deconstructing the Sri Lankan Counterterrorism Model for the Obliteration of ISIS

By Kagusthan Ariaranam Introduction As the whole world is coming forward to combat Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), I would like to share my opinion here on how to fight ISIS and eventually obliterate them just like the Sri Lankan military defeated the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) just seven years ago. ISIS, an offshoot of al-Qaeda, continues to commit atrocities against … Continue reading Deconstructing the Sri Lankan Counterterrorism Model for the Obliteration of ISIS

Responsibility to Protect Syria – A Case Study

By Kagusthan Ariaratnam Introduction It is widely believed that non-intervention is the norm within an international society since international law restricts the use of force except for purposes of self-defense or by way of collective enforcement as authorized by the United Nations Security Council (Bellamy and Wheeler 2014). This misunderstanding is grounded in the debate on how the international community should react when governments commit … Continue reading Responsibility to Protect Syria – A Case Study

The Difference between Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing

Image: Guernica, 1937 by Pablo Picasso By Kagusthan Ariaratnam Introduction The distinction between genocide and ethnic cleansing is a “grey area” that befuddles scholars, policy makers, and students alike. The concepts of “genocide” and “ethnic cleansing” can be illustrated through examples. An instance of genocide would be the Holocaust, the systematic obliteration of the Jewish population during the Second World War in Nazi Germany under … Continue reading The Difference between Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing

Understanding the Causes of Civil War in Iraq and Syria

  By Kagusthan Ariaratnam Introduction The civil wars in Iraq and Syria are the most catastrophic and worst humanitarian crisis since World War II. The two main causes of civil wars in Iraq and Syria are authoritarianism and sectarianism. This essay will examine the causes and comparative analysis between two contemporary civil wars: The Iraqi civil war from 2006 to 2008 and the Syrian civil … Continue reading Understanding the Causes of Civil War in Iraq and Syria

A Typical Terrorist Cell

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam’s (LTTE) Intelligence Wing, Tiger Organization Security Intelligence Service (TOSIS) By Kagusthan Ariaratam The author would like to dedicate this article to Colonel Tuan Nizam Muthaliff RWP, MI (July 12, 1966 – May 31, 2005) was the former Commanding Officer of the 1st Battalion Military Intelligence Corps, Directorate of Military Intelligence (DMI) of Sri Lanka, whose perseverance and courage in … Continue reading A Typical Terrorist Cell